myths as second order reality

"Myths" may be wrong, or they may be used to bad ends--but they cannot be dispensed with. In the last analysis, they are our basic psychological tools for working together. A hammer is a carpenter's tool; a wrench is a mechanic's tool; and a "myth" is the social tool for welding a sense of interrelationship by which the carpenter and the mechanic, though differently occupied, can work together for common social ends. In this sense a myth that works well is as real as food, tools, and shelter are.

Timely Symbols...

“A symbol probably loses its vitality when the kinds of cooperation it promotes – and with which its destiny is united – have ceased to be serviceable. The symbol of bourgeois nationalism is in such a state of decay to-day, for instance – hence the attempt of Communists to put the symbol of class in its place” (Burke , Revolutionary Symbolism in America 268)

Sacrifice as Motive

Now the important thing about individual sacrifice as a motive is that it movies us into the areas of the collective.
(Burke 3)
Direction American Number

Monetary and Military Motivation Is There a Difference

“A change from the monetary to the military, as the over-all public motive mediating among the great variety of private motives in our society, cannot be an absolute one. It is a matter of ‘priorities’. It means simply that the military motive rises to a higher rank than the monetary motive of a public rationale. And though the two change places in the hierarchy of motives, one does not abolish the other” (War and Cultural Life 404).

You Say You Want a Revolution?

“The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways; the point is to change it.” — Marx, “Theses” XI

Interpretations of War Through Photography

But the most "natural" aesthetic adjustment to war conditions I have seen so far is in the impressive exhibit of photographic murals, Road to Victory: A Procession of Photography of the Nation at War, held at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City during the summer.

Smack-Talk and a Song!

Kenneth felt wretched, though; his dream of fellowship was shattered. “I remember that when leaving the hall,” he tells us, “I was walking behind two girls. One of them said to the other, as though discussing a criminal, ‘Yet he seemed so honest!’

The language of real life

"We set out from real, active men, and on the basis of their real life-process we demonstrate the development of the ideological reflexes and echoes of this life-process. The phantoms formed in the human brain are also, necessarily, sublimates of their material life-process, which is empirically verifiable and bound to material premises. Morality, religion, metaphysics, all the rest of ideology and their corresponding forms of consciousness, thus no longer retain the semblance of independence.

Tools

A hammer is a carpenter's tool; a wrench is a mechanic's tool; and a "myth" is the social tool for welding the sense of interrelationship by which by which the carpenter and the mechanic, though differently occupied, can work together for common social ends. In this sense a myth that works well is as real as food, tools, and shelter are ["Revolutionary Symbolism in America" 267].

Burke's Ambiguity

"You can't point to myths in the objective way you point to a stone or house." Burke-Revolutionary, 279

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