chelsiemess's blog

Chapter 4 Reading Response

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organization - Organization is the placement of objects in a text. A lack of organization confuses your readers--they will be unsure where the information starts, what information is important, and what information is related. One common way to organize the overall structure of a page is by using the grid method. However, each of the elements on the text also contribute to the organization.

Project Log: Project 3

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I am planning to create a pictograph about commas. I was inspired by the visual puns in the first link. Because I want to teach my audience about the proper use of commas, my pictograph will give more information about the topic, while staying clean and simple (I hope!).

Layering and Separation

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In Chapter 3 Tufte discusses layering as a “polyphony of voices [that] weave together” to produce meaning (56). In this context, layering is the inclusion of multiple streams of data that work together to make meaning. Polyphony refers to the disparate nature of the data—each stream is saying something different than the others. Yet a good designer can take these separate meanings and combine them into a larger unified whole through effective layering.

Individual Project Log

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For my infographic I am using data from the National Center for Education Statistics. I've changed my focus slightly to the percent of schools with internet access and the average number of computers per school in cities, suburbs, and rural areas. Right now I'm thinking of using pie charts for the internet access graph and bar graphs for the computer graph. I think that comparing cities, suburbs, and rural areas will allow me to be creative in my design choices.

Project Log: Computers at School

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My project is going to focus on the use of computers at school. This is the data table I will be using:

Specifically, I am interested in comparing computer use at school by year and by public/private. I am also interested in comparing students who use computers at home for schoolwork by year and income.


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The principle that I picked up on from Chapter One was dimensionality. Tufte discusses the difficulty information designers encounter when trying to accurately portray a multi-dimensional world on a print or digital plane. At the beginning of the chapter, I was thinking dimensionality as strictly 3-D, like the pyramid model from Euclid. The sunspots confused me, but then I got to the train tables and everything started to make sense. Tufte's discussion of dimensionality encompasses more than just the binary of 2-D and 3-D.


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This image is from my husband's most recent issue of ESPN Magazine. Now, everybody knows that ESPN is definitely not hurting for financial resources. However, I have noticed that their infographics are consistently confusing. Even my sports-genius husband has no idea what this graphic is trying to say.